During the early years of twenty century, the architect – Louis Sullivan popularized that from a building’s size, mass of the spatial grammar and other building’s characteristics as his belief of the functions. The implication is satisfied of functional aspect and the beauty of architecture is naturally necessarily followed. In viewing architectural works each section in concrete works should clearly indicate its function; the role-played by each part within the structure.
Functionalist principle in architecture area is focused on the benefits from the design of structure, material and systemic usage. Sullivan is the creator of the modern skyscraper, is a Chicago School influential architect and the critic and is the mentor to Frank Lloyd Wright.
This same concept happens in architecture design, if the architect focuses on the design of the structure without considering the result of survey and analysis how he could build a Pyramid along the mountainside.
The function is sacrificed in order to make the design or the building meaningful. The intuitive form of space, which surrounds us wherever we may be and which we then always erect around ourselves and consider more necessary than the form of our own body, consists of the residues of sensory experience to which the muscular sensations of our body, the sensitivity of our skin, and the structure of our body all contribute. The experience of ourselves is the center of this space whose co-ordinates interest us on which architectural creation is based. A building is attractive and outstanding in a zone, however, if the building is lack of functions it becomes as obstacle on the street. However, a well-designed building makes difference for the society, for people as well as the environment. All natural organisms have the mechanical energy to carry out certain functions. In the way of expressing in their own forms as a whole or in their crystallization to convey to the mind an expression of these functions. The architect matter of natural situation is imitation, so models of his form that they also play their own functions; and these functions are always strength, luxury and repose in as mechanical situation, in these products with various quantity of combination. The fundamental principle of the modeling of architectural forms is therefore mechanical.
‘Function’ was without question an important concept in modern architecture, but it has above all been in the critique of modernism that it has come into its own. A ‘function’ describes the result of the action of one quantity upon another; relative to architecture, function is a term primarily relating to the tectonics of building.
There is a book already mentioned; Adolf Behne’s Der moderne Zweeckbau (The Modern Functional Building) published in 1926, in particular elaborated the significance of ‘function’ term. The book’s aim to discuss the whole range of points of view that could broadly speak is considered sachlich – usually translated into English as ‘function’. Behne’s book is the extensiveness off the range of work that Behne considered sachlich, and his criteria for distinguishing between its different manifestations.
The architect can only grap and carry out his truly artistic work, that is, the creative works, when he addresses questions of his client’s attitude of life, way of living, business methodsâ€¦For this reason ‘being a client’ is not just buying a piece of land, some bricks, and an architect. The client must be an activity, whose taking possession of the acquired space is so definite, clears, rich, and organic that it can be transformed into the relationships of masonry wallsâ€¦ (120)